Some time ago I suggested the formation of a Peace Brigade whose members
would risk their lives in dealing with riots, especially communal. The idea
was that this Brigade should substitute the police and even the military.
This reads ambitious. The achievement may prove impossible. Yet, if the
Congress is to succeed in its non-violent struggle, it must develop the
power to deal peacefully with such situations.
Let us therefore see what qualifications a member of the contemplated Peace
Brigade should possess.
1. He or she must have a living faith in non-violence. This is impossible without a
living faith in God. A non-violent man can do nothing save by the power and
grace of God. Without it he won't have the courage to die without anger,
without fear and without retaliation. Such courage comes from the belief
that God sits in the hearts of all and that there should be no fear in the
presence of God. The knowledge of the omnipresence of God also means
respect for the lives of even those who may be called oppo-nents or goondas.
This contemplated intervention is a process of stilling the fury of man when
the brute in him gets the mastery over him.
2. This messenger of peace must have equal regard for all the principal religions of
the earth. Thus, if he is a Hindu, he will respect the other faiths current
in India. He must therefore possess a knowledge of the general principles of
the different faiths professed in the country.
3. Generally speaking, this work of peace can only be done by local men in
their own localities.
4. The work can be done singly or in groups. Therefore no one need wait for
companions. Nevertheless one would naturally seek companions in one's own
locality and form a local Brigade.
5. This messenger of peace will cultivate through personal service contacts with the
people in his locality or chosen circle, so that when he appears to deal
with ugly situations, he does not descend upon the members of a riotous
assembly as an utter stranger liable to be looked upon as a suspect or an
6. Needless to say, a peace bringer must have a character beyond reproach and
must be known for his strict impartiality.
7. Generally there are previous warnings of coming storms. If these are known,
the Peace Brigade will not wait till the conflagration breaks out but will
try to handle the situation in anticipation.
8. Whilst, if the movement spreads, it might be well if there are some whole-time
workers, it is not absolutely necessary that there should be. The idea is to
have as many good and true men and women as possible. These can be had only
if volunteers are drawn from those who are engaged in various walks of life
but have leisure enough to cultivate friendly relations with the people
living in their -circle and otherwise possess the qualifications required of
a member of the Peace Brigade.
9. There should be a distinctive dress worn by the members of the contemplated
Brigade so that in course of time they will be recognized without the
These are but general suggestions. Each centre can work out its own
constitution on the basis here suggested.
H., 18-6-'38, p. 152
My Idea of a Police Force
Even in a non-violent State a police force may be necessary. This, I admit,
is a sign of my imperfect Ahimsa. I have not the courage to declare that we
can carry on without a police force as I have in respect of an army. Of
course I can and do envisage a state where the police will not be necessary;
but whether we shall succeed in realizing it, the future alone will show.
The police of my conception will, however, be of a wholly different pattern
from the present day force. Its ranks will be composed of believers in
non-violence. They will be servants, not masters, of the people. The people
will instinctively render them every help, and through mutual co-operation
they will easily deal with the ever-decreasing disturbances. The police
force will have some kind of arms, but they will be rarely used, if at all.
In fact the policemen will be reformers. Their police work will be confined
pri-marily to robbers and dacoits. Quarrels between labour and capital and
strikes will be few and far between in a non-violent State, because the
influence of the non-violent majority will be so great as to command the
respect of the principal elements in society. Similarly there will be no
room for communal disturbances.
H., 1-9-'40, p. 265
Non-violent Volunteer Corps
Some time ago an attempt was made, at my instance, to form
shanti dais but nothing came of it. This lesson, however, was learnt that the
member-ship, in its very nature, of such organizations could not be large.
Ordinarily, the efficient running of a large volunteer corps based on force
implies the possibility of the use of force in the event of breach of
discipline. In such bodies little or no stress is laid on a man's character.
Physique is the chief factor. The contrary must obtain in non-violent bodies
in which character or soul force must mean everything and physique must take
second place. It is difficult to find many such persons. That is why
non-violent corps must be small, if they are to be efficient. Such Brigades
may be scattered all over; there may be one each for a village or a mohalla.
The members must know one another well. Each corps will select its own head.
All the members will have the same status, but where everyone is doing the
same work there must be one person under whose discipline all must come, or
else the work will suffer. Where there are two or more Brigades the leaders
must consult among themselves and decide on a common line of action. In that
way alone lies success.
If non-violent volunteer corps are formed on the above lines, they can
easily stop trouble. These corps will not require all the physical training
but a certain port of it will be necessary.
One thing, however, should be common to members of all such organizations
and that is implicit faith in God. He is the only companion and doer.
Without faith in Him these Peace Brigades will be lifeless. By whatever name
one calls God, one must realize that one can only work through His strength.
Such a man will never take another's life. He will allow himself, if need
be, to be killed and thereby live through his victory over death.
The mind of the man in whose life the realization of this law has become a
living reality will not be bewildered in crisis. He will instinctively know
the right way to act.
In spite, however, of what I have said above, I would like to give some
rules culled from my own experience:
1. A volunteer may not carry any weapons.
2. The members of a corps must be easily recognizable.
3. Every volunteer must carry bandages, scis-sors, needle and thread, surgical knife,
etc. for rendering first aid.
4. He should know how to carry and remove the wounded.
5. He should know how to put out fires, how to enter a fire area without getting
burnt, how to climb heights for rescue work and descend safely with or
without his charge.
6. He should be well acquainted with all the residents of his locality. This is a
service in itself.
7. He should recite
Ramanama ceaselessly in his heart and persuade others who believe to do likewise.
Man often repeats the name of God parrot- wise and expects fruit from so
doing. The true seeker must have that living faith which will not only
dispel the untruth of parrot-wise repetition from within him but also from
the hearts of others.
H., 5-5-'46, p. 113