Q. What is the place of Satyagraha in making the rich realize their duty towards the poor?
A. The same as against the foreign
power. Satyagraha is a law of universal application. Beginning with
the family its use can be extended to every other circle. Supposing
a landowner exploits his tenants and mulcts them of the fruit of
their toil by appropriating it to his own use.
When they expostulate with him he does not
listen and raises objections that he requires so much for his wife,
so much for his children and so on.The tenants or those who have
espoused their cause and have influence will make an appeal to his
wife to expostulate with her husband.She would probably say that for
herself she does not need his exploited money.The children will say
likewise that they would earn for themselves what they need.
Supposing further that he listens to nobody
or that his wife and children combine against the tenants, they will
not submit.They will quit if asked to do so but they will make it
clear that the land belongs to him who tills it. The owner cannot
till all the land himself and he will have to give in to their
just demands.It may, however, be that the tenants are replaced by
others. Agitation short of violence will then continue till the
replacing tenants see their error and make common cause with the
evicted tenants.Thus Satyagraha is a process educating public opinion,
such that it covers all the elementsofsociety and in the end makes
itself irresistible. Violence interrupts the process and prolongsthe
real revolution of the whole social structure.
The conditions necessary for the success of
(1)The Satyagrahi should not have any
hatred in his heart against the opponent;
(2) The issue must be true and substantial;
(3) The Satyagrahi must be prepared to suffer till the end for his cause.