You are here:
RELIGION > MY RELIGION > SECTION EIGHT : MY HINDUISM > Non-English Words with their meanings
Non-English words with their meanings

Agiari - a Zoroastrian temple; Parsi place of fire-worship

Ahimsa - non-violence; love

Allah - a Muslim term for God

Ashram - a place for spiritual retirement; Gandhiji's colony of workers

Ashrama - one of the four stages in a man's life (student, householder, meditator in the forest, and wandering teacher), as enjoined by Hinduism

Avatar - incarnation

 

Bati - a thick bread

Bhatti- a. small open furnace

Bhagavat - a Purana or devotional book containing the life-history of Lord Krishna and other ancient stories

Bhagavad Gita - Hindu scripture, often regarded as the New Testament of Hinduism

Bhajan- a religious service consisting of devotional songs; devotional song

Bhangi - a scavenger; an 'untouchable'

Brahmachari - one pledged to chastity; student

Brahmacharya - chastity; continence

Brahman - God; Supreme Being

Brahmana - the highest Hindu caste, consisting of priests

 

Dharma - religious duty

Dharmayuddha - righteous war

 

Ezhavo - an outcaste of Malabar

 

Gayatri - Vedic prayer addressed to the Sun God

Gita - SeeBhagavad Gita

Goshala - a dairy-, cattle farm

Guru - religious teacher

 

Himsa - violence

 

Itihasa - Ancient Hindu Book of History

 

Kali - a Hindu goddess of destruction; name of goddess Durga

Kalma - a Muslim prayer formula

Karmayogi - religious person devoted to the path of action

Khuda - a Muslim term for God

Koran - a sacred book of Muslims

 

Lota - a small vessel for water

 

Mahabharata - a Hindu epic

Mandir - a Hindu temple

Mantra - a Vedic hymn or sacred prayer

Moksha - salvation; liberation

 

Nirvana - lit. extinction; extinction of desire; Buddhist conception of salvation

 

Pariah - an outcaste of the Tamils of South India

Phooka - process of inserting a rod or pipe into the re­productive organ of the cow and blowing air into it to make the cow yield its last drop of milk

 

Quran - See Koran

 

Rama - a Hindu incarnation of God; God

Ramanama - name of Rama or God

Ramayana - a Hindu epic, describing the life-history of King Rama

Rama Raj - Kingdom of Rama or God; the ideal political and social order

Rishi- seer

 

Sanatana - ancient; orthodox

Sanatani - one who follows the ancient faith

Satyagraha - lit. clinging to Truth; non-violent resistance to untruth

Satyagrahi - non-violent resister of untruth

Shastra - Hindu sacred book

Shivalingam - a stone idol or short pillar representing Shiva, a Hindu god

Shudra - the fourth or lowest Hindu caste consisting of manual labourers

Smriti - ancient book embodying Hindu law and tradition

Swadeshi - the duty to serve one's neighbours and there­fore to use articles produced by them only

Swaraj - self-government

 

Tapas, Tapasya - austerity

 

Upanishads - ancient philosophical treatises of Hinduism

 

Varna - social groups numbering four based on pursuit of hereditary occupations

Varna Dharma - specific duties of the different social groups

Varnashrama - four social groups and four stages of man's life

 

Varnashrama Dharma- specific duties of four social groups and of four stages of man's life

Vedas - earliest Hindu scriptures

Vishnu - a Hindu god

 

Yogi - one practising Yoga

 

Zend Avesta - scriptures of the Parsis or Zoroastrians