There is a good deal of preaching done to encourage the use of soya beans as a food material, while ground-nut which is extensively grown in India is not given the consideration it deserves. Groundnut is a very valuable oilseed and food material. Ground-nut itself is not easy for digestion and many times causes digestive disturbances. This is, however, due to the presence of a very high proportion of oil - 50 per cent. If the oil is extracted from well-cleaned seed, the oilcake left behind is a highly nutritious food material for human consumption and does not cause any trouble. The following is the average analysis of ground-nut cake and soya beans:
|Ground-nut cake per cent||Soya beans per cent|
The ground-nut cake compares very favourably with the soya beans. It is actually better than soya beans in the essential constituents. namely the proteids and the mineral matter. Further, the ground-nut proteid is better than soya bean proteid in essential amino-acid as shown by the following figures:
|Essential||Ground-nut proteids||Soya bean proteids|
|Amino acids||per cent||per cent|
If at all any biliousness is caused by ground-nut cake, use of a small quantity of jaggery or a little soda-bi-carb will be a good preventive.
The ground-nut cake has a very good taste and its keeping quality can be improved by heating and keeping the cake in a properly closed vessel.
Sweets and ordinary articles of food can be prepared from ground-nut cake. Attempts must, therefore, be made to spread the knowledge about the usefulness of ground-nut cake. It is certainly equal to and even better than soya beans.