Truth and Non-Violence
are the foundation stones of Gandhian Economics thoughts. According to
Gandhiji, work is not only an economic activity. It’s necessary for
spiritual growth. Bapu wanted that India should have its own economic
policy. It should not follow any foreign countries policy.
In this paper I would
be highlighting on six points:
Swadeshi literally means ‘of one’s own country.’
Swadeshi is defined as that spirit within us which restricts us to use the service of our immediate
surrounding to the exclusion of the more remote. It aims at the removal of
unemployment and poverty. It doesn’t advocate rejection of foreign trade, in
fact it advocate a healthy and non-exploitative form of trade. According to
Bapuji, Swadeshi is not just good, it do comprise of our culture, tradition
and values. Bapu wanted that people in India should have sufficient demand
for their produce and therefore, he pleaded for the use of Swadeshi goods.
However, its wrong to assume that Bapuji was altogether against foreign
goods. Its clear from his word that says, “It is criminally foolish to
produce the goods which are not profitable to be produced in our country,
instead of producing them we should import them.”
Gandhiji had no objection to mechanization of production if it doesn’t hurt the dignity of
man and self-reliance of villages. He believed that mechanization is good
when the hands are few for the work to be done. In a country like India,
here lab is abundance maximum industries should be labour intensive and not
Gandhian economics is
not based entirely on handicraft and cottage industries Gandhiji visualized
that electricity, ship building, iron works etc. should exist side by side
with village and cottage industries, Industrialization leads to maximum
exploitation of man and nature. Industrialization is based on large scale
and highly sophisticated technology which leads to unemployment, poverty,
urbanization, deforestation, desertification, pollution etc. large scale
industries should be owned by the state and administrated wholly for public good.
According to Gandhi, capitalist and rich should consider themselves as trusty of society and make
use of their wealth for the benefits of society which is known as
trusteeship. Gandhiji wanted that co-operative system should be developed in
India, in agriculture and many other fields so that everyone economic
welfare can be achieved.
Gandhiji always said that India can’t be developed unless we develop the village of India, there
has to be grass root development. In his opinion and which very correct that
the process of development in India should being from village level.
Gandhiji always profounded that agriculture should be supported by some
subsidiary occupation like bee keeping, animal husbandry, khadi, paper
making, mud utensils etc. Gandhiji advocated that women should contribute in
agriculture and I subsidiary industries or by the way of playing charkha. He
wanted that every home there should be charkha which will enable the use of
local productive resources and man power able in villages.
Gandhiji strongly advocated decentralization of economic system. Gandhiji believed that
centralization is the root caused of exploitation which leads to
unemployment and poverty in India as the powers are concentration in the
hands of few because of centralization. There has been wide gap between the
haves and have nots that is rich are become richer and the poor are becoming more poor.
“The earth has sufficient resources to satisfy one’s needs, but not for one’s greed.”
- M. K. Gandhi
Source: From the paper presented by the author at a Nasik Camp, Oct. 2007