Some sixteen from Adi Nivas hut, Gandhiji's disciple Miss Meera Ben had constructed a hut for herself and she used to teach spinning and carding to villagers in that hut. When the number of residents in the Adi Nivas increased, Gandhiji and Kasturba shifted to live in Meeraben's hut. Meeraben constructed one more hut on the eastern side for herself. However, later on she left this hut also for Gandhiji's office and shifted to a nearby village. These huts are known today as 'BAPU KUTI' and 'BAPU'S OFFICE'.
Kasturba had to live in Bapu Kuti in the midst of so many men. Looking to her difficulty, a new hut was constructed for her.
Kasturba lived in this new hut with a few inmates and sometimes with occasional women
guests. This hut is known as 'BA KUTI'.
Summers are very hot here. Gandhiji used to
sit on the ground cross-legged and gave interviews or wrote letters. He never thought of changing this
place. For shade, a curtain made of leaves
was put at the entrance. Some water used to be sprayed on it from time
to time. Above his seat one cloth fan of very old design was fixed. One
of the inmates used to move the fan, so that there was some breeze in
When we look at this hut, we notice the true
living art of Gandhiji's liking. The roof of this hut is covered with
bamboos, mats and country mud-tiles. The walls are neatly plastered
with white earth. Meeraben had decorated the walls with folk art symbols
like Oum, palm tree, peacock and the Charkha symbolising God, nature,
living beings and human activity.
The windows and doors are also made of bamboos
and decorated with local designs. The village craftsmen prepare the palm
tree mats, which are spread on the floor. The bamboo almirah hanging by
the wall is a specialty. There is one shelf made of bamboo for keeping
He used to sit on simple palm leaf mats. His
office was also nearby. Next to him, his secretary Mahadev Desai or
Pyarelal or someone else who would assist him used to sit. The visitors
also had to sit on the ground. In Gandhiji's office hut a telephone installed
at behest of the then Viceroy of is also displayed.
Gandhiji's correspondence went on increasing.
Naturally, one Secretariat committee was formed to help him. Mahadev Desai
was it's chief. Others were Pyarelalji and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. More people
used to help whenever needed. Replies to all the letters were invariably
sent, sometimes in detail and sometimes in very brief, according to the
importance and of the time.
The inmates of the Ashram used to take their
food in the common kitchen. However, Mahadev Desai and Kishorelal Bhai were
exceptions. They used to take their food with their families.