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HEALTH > DIET AND DIET REFORM > PART II > SECTION I : GENERAL > Revealing Figures
54. Revealing Figures
The following facts and figures taken from a pamphlet entitled Food Crisis, 1946, are of special interest in view of the food shortage :
Production of Foodstuffs in India (1945-46)
Rice 25.8 million tons
The above quantity has been found insufficient for the total population of India and the estimated deficit is 6 million tons.
The Punjab, C. P. and Berar, Sind, Orissa and Assam are not exporters of cereals in normal times. The deficit areas are the N.W.F.P., Bihar, U.P., Madras, Bombay, Bengal, the States of Travancore and Cochin, all of which have to import either wheat, rice, millet, or all.
The production v. requirements of foodstuffs annually is as follows:
The following is a table of balanced diet for the maintenance of proper health:
Cereals 14 Oz.
Pulses 3 "
Green leafy vegetable 3 "
Root vegetable 3 "
Other vegetables 3 "
Fruits 3 "
Milk 10 "
Sugar and Jaggery 2 "
Vegetable oil, Ghee, etc. 2 "
Fish and meat 3 "
Egg 1 Only
This diet yields about 2600 calories.
The adult Indian male requires 2600 calories
Child 12 and 13 year 2100
Child 10 and 11 year 1800
Child 8 and 9 year 1600
Child 6 and 7 year 1300
Child 4 and 5 year 1000
Pregnant woman 2400
Nursing mother 3000
But how much do they get in comparison with other countries? The figures reveal a sorry tale:
Country Calories per head per day
America ... 3,200
Great Britain ... 2,600
Germany (after the war) ... 1,600
Japan (under American occupation) 1,575
'Grim and dangerous level' 1,500
And India 960
No wonder the death rate and infant mortality figures are appalling:
Country 1942 Infant mortality
Death rate per 1000
per 1000 births
Australia 10.5 39
Canada 9.7 54
America 10.4 40
Germany 12.7 (1940) 68
England 12.2 (1940) 54
Japan 17.6 (1938) 114 (1937)
India 22.0 163
and our expectation of life woefully short:
Not until our people are able to get enough to eat, can all our schemes for proper housing or roads or even education and health be of any real avail. Adequate and proper diet is the first requirement of man, and to this end the energy of all Provincial Governments must be diverted forthwith if we are to live.