It is legitimate to ask what Congress Ministers will do for Khaddar and other village industries now that they are in office. Whether a Minister is separately appointed or not, a department for the work is surely necessary. In these times of scarcity of food and clothing, this department can render the greatest help. The Ministers have experts at their disposal through the A-I.S.A. and the A-I.V.I.A. It is possible to clothe today the whole of India in Khadi on the smallest outlay and in the shortest time possible. Each Provincial Government has to tell the villagers that they must manufacture their own Khaddar for their own use. This brings in automatic local production and distribution. And there will undoubtedly be a surplus for the cities at least to a certain extent which, in its turn, will reduce the pressure on the local mills. The latter will then be able to take part in supplying the want of cloth in other parts of the world.
How can this result be brought about?
The Government should notify the villagers that they will be expected to
manufacture Khaddar for the needs of their villages within a fixed date
after which no cloth will be supplied to them. The Government in their turn
will supply the villagers with cotton seed or cotton whenever required, at
cost price and the tools of manufacture also at cost, to be recovered in
easy installments payable in, say, five years or more. They will supply them
with instructors wherever necessary and undertake to buy surplus stock of
Khaddar, provided that the villagers in question have their cloth
requirements supplied from their own manufacture. This should do away with
cloth shortage without fuss and with very little overhead charges.
The villages will be surveyed and a list prepared of things that can be
manufactured locally with little or no help and which may be required for
village use or for sale outside, such, for instance, as ghani-pressed
oil and cakes, burning oil prepared through ghanis, hand-
pounded rice, tadgud, honey, toys, mats, hand-made paper,
village soap, etc. If enough care is thus taken the villages, most of them
as good as dead or dying, will hum with life and exhibit the immense
possibilities they have of supplying most of their wants themselves and of
the cities and towns of India.
Then there is the limitless cattle wealth of India- suffering from criminal
neglect. Goseva Sangh, as yet not properly experienced, can still supply valuable aid.
Without the basic training the villagers are being starved for education.
This desideratum can be supplied by the Hindustani Talimi Sangh.