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CHRONOLOGY > A Short Chronological Sketch
A Short Chronological Sketch
2 October, 1869
Birth at Porbunder in Gujarat (Sudamapuri, Kathiawad)
Beginning of Education at Rajkot
Married with Kasturba at Porbunder
4th September, 1888
Left for London to study Law
12 January, 1891
Passed the Law examination
10-11 June, 1891
Called to the British Bar and enrolled in the High Court
12 June, 1891
Set sail for home
6 July, 1891
In India, introduced to Raychandbhai (Whom Gandhiji regarded as his Guru)
16 November, 1891
Applied for enrollment in the Bombay High Court
24 May, 1892
Came to Bombay to start practice in the High Court as Barrister
April, 1893
Representing a Porbunder firm set sail for South Africa
June, 1893
At Pietermaritzberg station Gandhiji was ordered to go into the van compartment of the train although he held a first class ticket. On his refusal, a constable was brought and he was forcibly ejected, his bundles pitched out after him. He was left to shiver in the waiting room all night.
22 May, 1894
Proposed an Organisation to watch the interest of Indians and to oppose colour bar against them in South Africa.
22 August, 1894
Founded Natal Indian Congress to fight colour prejudice
3 September, 1894
Admitted to Natal Supreme Court despite opposition by Natal Law Society
17 October, 1899
Out break of Boer War and Gandhiji joined Ambulance Corps
18 October, 1899
Started for India assuring to return to South Africa in his service were to be needed
27 December, 1901
Moved a resolution on South Africa at Calcutta Congress session.
20 November, 1902
At the growing pressure from Indians in South Africa, returned to South Africa
Founded Transvaal British India Association
1 October, 1904
Took over entire management responsibility of ‘Indian Opinion’
Nov.-Dec., 1904
Founded Phoenix settlement
September, 1906
Started Passive Resistance Movement
13-22November, 1909
Wrote ‘Hind Swaraj’ in Gujarati on board S.S.Kildonan Castle on the way to South Africa from London
9 January, 1915
Returned to India
25 May, 1915
Founded Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab, Ahemadabad
April, 1917
Champaran Satyagraha
Ahemadabad mill workers & Kheda Peasant Satyagraha
13 April, 1919
Massacre at mass meeting at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Gandhiji implored people to be calm
8 October, 1919
First issue of ‘Young India’ under Gandhiji’s Editorship
Khilafat and non-Co-operation Movement
5 February, 1922
Chauri Chaura incident and withdrawal of Non Co-operation Movement
10 March, 1922
Arrested. On 21 March sent to Yervada Jail. Remained in jail till March 1924.
17 September, 1924
Started 21 days fast for Hindu-Muslim unity
December, 1924
Presided over the Belgaum Congress
December, 1928
Attended Calcutta Congress where a draft Constitution of India was adopted on 31 December, 1928
December, 1929
Gandhiji’s resolution on Complete Independence was adopted at open session of Lahore Congress along with immediate boycott of legislatures.
26 January, 1930
Pledge of Independence day taken all over India
19 February, 1930
All India Congress Committee adopted Civil Disobedience programme
12 March, 1930
At 6.30 a.m. with 78 Ashramaties Gandhiji started his famous Dandi March to break the Salt Law
4 May, 1930
Arrested and taken to Yervada jail
26 January, 1931
Released from Jail
5 March, 1931
Gandhi-Irwin Pact was announced
29 March, 1931
Left for London to attend Round Table Conference
5 December, 1931
Decided to restart Non Co-operation Movement
4 January, 1932
Started fast against separate electorate for the Harijans
8 May, 1933
Started 21 days fast for the improvement of Harijan’s condition and was released at 6 p.m. from jail
31 July, 1933
Individual Civil Disobedience started
1 August, 1933
Arrested and remained in Jail till 23 Aug.1933
17 September, 1934
Stated “I am going to resign from the Congress”
28 October, 1934
Declared his intention to retire from Congress
Founded Sevagram Ashram at Wardha
Wardha Scheme of Education
May & Oct-Nov, 1938
North West Frontier tours
3 March, 1939
Started fast unto death at Rajkot and on settlement of the issue ended fast on 7 March, 1939
15 October, 1940
Started Anti-war individual Satyagraha with Vinoba as the first Satyagrahi
15 January, 1942
‘My political successor is Jawaharlal’ Gandhiji said.
5 March, 1942
Cripps arrives
30 March, 1942
The idea of ‘Quit India’ burst upon Gandhiji
8 March, 1942
Addressed All India Congress Committee of Bombay and Quit India resolution was passed.
9 August, 1942
Arrested and taken to Agakhan Palace-Jail
15 August, 1942
Lighted the pyre of Mahadev Desai, his secretary who died in Jail
10 February, 1943
Started fast in Agakhan Palace-Jail
3 March, 1943
Ended fast-in-Jail
22 February, 1944
At 7.35 p.m. Kasturba died. The saree woven from yarn spun by Gandhiji was wrapped round her body
6 May, 1944
Released from Jail
March, 1945
Cabinet Mission
Jan-July, 1945
Simla Conference
Cabinet plan accepted
10 October, 1946
In Naokhali and other districts in East Bengal inhuman atrocities started
6 November, 1946
Left Calcutta for Naokhali by a special train
Jan-Dec., 1947
Toured troubled areas of Bengal, Bihar & Delhi
15 August, 1947
At Calcutta, fasted as country was cut into two pieces
13 January, 1948
Started fast in Delhi against communal riots
16 January, 1948
‘I do not with to live if peace is not established in India and Pakistan’
18 January, 1948
Broke fast by taking orange juice from Maulana Azad
20 January, 1948
A bomb exploded in the midst of his prayer meeting at Birla House, Delhi.
27 January, 1948
Wrote ‘Congress Position’; suggesting that Congress should cease as political body and should devote to people’s service. Also attended annual celebration at Bakhtiar Chisti’s Dargah.
30 January, 1948
The day of martyrdom, was shot dead while on his way to evening prayer ground at Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) by Nathuram Vinayak Godse.