My dear Pranav,
Sampattidan, jeevandan and trusteeship were some of the other ideas
propounded by Vinoba. As a matter of fact, Mahatma Gandhi first
stated the idea of trusteeship. The upnishadic injunction "Ten tyakten
bhunjitah ma gradha kasya chiddhamanam" is found in the Isopanisad.
It is a part of daily prayer in many ashrams of Gandhiji and
Vinoba. It means enjoy in renouncing wealth. Don't be acquisitive.
All great religions have preached this idea. Gandhi wanted those who
have wealth or possessions to use them for the benefit of others.
They should take least for themselves. Vinoba did not want to
collect money from the people. He said : Keep your money with you.
Only announce that a certain portion of your yearly income would be
spent for others. This you will do on your own, without force and
without fail. Vinoba did not want to collect money, keep accounts and
build organisations and structures for that purpose. He wanted it to
be done by those who owned wealth. In his Sampattidan (wealth gift )
he wanted the claim of Daridranarayan to be willingly accepted as a
duty, out of self-conviction and not by force.
Those who have no wealth, may have physical or mental strength. They
must give part of that for others. He firmly believed that no one
was a "have-not". He did not want human relations to be built
only on some as 'givers', and others as 'takers'. He wanted everyone
to be a giver. Each one has something to give to others. Everyone
must learn to give. He did not want a society to be of 'donors'
and 'beggars'. As children of God, all must give and all must take.
Then only will there be a society of equals.
Jeevandan, giving life for public purposes, was a similar idea.
Jayaprakash Narayan was the first Jeevandaani. Vinoba became the
second. Pleasure in giving, pleasure in distributing what you have,
pleasure in sharing is a higher form of pleasure.
Daan does not mean alms. It is not begging, Sankaracharya said,
"Daanam samavibhajanam" (Gifting is equal distribution ). By his bhoodan
movement Vinoba did not want people to be permanent clients or
receivers. They must also give. Everyone must give, because everyone
is a 'have'.
This classless concept was not
acceptable to the intellectuals. Those who believed in class war,
class hatred and class annihilation went on merrily with State power,
repression, violence and misery for many, with pleasure, perhaps for few
rulers. In the name of the poor and the exploited, they exploited
others more rapaciously!
Vinoba wanted everybody to give. He was not happy only with donations of
their wealth and possessions. He considered people's talent also as
wealth. He wanted everyone to be a trustee for others. Trusteeship
must start with you. It is not an armchair philosophy to be
advocated for others, excluding yourself. It must start with you.