My dear Pranav,
While Vinoba was talking about Acharyakul and Jai Jagat, his vision
was covering the entire world. During the Independence movement prior
to 1947, the main slogan or idea kept before the people was Jai Hind
(Victory for India). Prior to British rule in India, the nation
state was a new idea even in Europe. There were small kingdoms, and
geographically they did not cover very large areas. They considered
their small kingdoms as their private property. The rulers were
answerable to none. they always succumbed before foreign invaders. The
village was self-contained unit. It made very little difference to
the common man as to who their ruler was. Villagers were
self-reliant and happy within the confines of a few similar villages.
Culturally, India was an entity for thousands of years. The Ramayan
and the Mahabharat were the cultural base for all Indians. This
picture changed during British rule. The political leaders from all
over India started coming together, and therefore their aim was to
have one United India hence the slogan Jai Hind.
As soon as India became Independent, the purpose of Jai Hind was
achieved. At that point of time, many changes were taking place in
the world. Air travel was spreading fast, telephones, telegraphs and
satellites were reducing distances. The competition between Western
countries and Communist countries was increasingly becoming more and
more hostile. The arms race was on.
That was the time when Vinoba was preaching that all these scientific and
technological advances were making the world small and the human
brain big. But its mind, its heart still remained small. The atom
bomb which was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6th August, 1945
changed the world completely. It was now possible for man to
annihilate the entire human race. In such a situation, Jai Hind
became comparatively small ambition.
The entire world became a small global village. It was therefore
necessary to have the aim of Jai Jagat (Victory for the World).
Today, all world leaders, ecologists, scientists and others are talking
of One World. This was emphasised by Vinoba in the 1960s.
therefore was: "Think Globally; Act Locally". Indian darsaniks (perceptors)
have always talked of one world or "Vasuhdaiva Kutumbakam" (All the
world is one family). But it always remained a philosophical idea, a
matter of words. It had no guidance for Action. Vinoba was very
particular about this Action (Karma). Acting locally was very
important for him. He therefore evolved his idea from Bhoodan to
Gramdan. I will tell you about Gramdan as envisaged by Vinoba some