My difficulties are two. One is whether it is possible to sell hand-made articles as cheaply as machine-made ones. The second is that out of the articles that have been enumerated in the scheme there is hardly any except Khadi which can become universal. They will not, in a large measure, be consumed locally and so will have to be sold in the cities. This is as it should be. The villagers should, develop such a high degree of skill that articles prepared by them should command a ready market outside. When our villages are fully developed there will be no dearth in them of men with a high degree of skill and artistic talent. There will be village poets, village artists, village architects, linguists and research workers. In short there will be nothing in life worth having which will not be had in the villages. Today the villages are dung heaps. Tomorrow they will be like tiny gardens of Eden where dwell highly intelligent folk whom no one can deceive or exploit.
The reconstruction of the villages along these lines should begin right now.
That might necessitate some modification of the scheme. The reconstruction
of the villages should not be organized on a temporary but permanent basis.
My second difficulty is that in the scheme under question, craft and education
have been divorced from each other. Graft, art, health and education should
all be integrated into one scheme. Nai Talim is a beautiful blend of all the
four and covers the whole education of the individual from the time of
conception to the moment of death. Therefore, I would not divide village
uplift work into watertight compartments from the very beginning but
undertake an activity which will combine all four. Instead of regarding
craft and industry as different from education, I will regard the former as
the medium for the latter. Nai Talim ought to be integrated into the scheme.