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TRUTH > TRUTH IS GOD > Non-English Words with their meanings
Non-English Words with their meanings
Abhyasa
- repetition; practice; study
Abu Ben Adhem
-a saintly Muslim character, the creation of Leigh Hunt's poetic imagination, who is represented as one who, though he was content to be known merely as a lover of his fellowmen, found his name in the recor­ding angel's book leading the list of those who loved the Lord
Adi Parva
- first book of the Hindu epic, Mahabharata
Advaita
- Hindu philosophy of Non-dualism
Advaitist
- a believer in non-dualism
Agiari
- Zoroastrian fire-temple
Ahimsa
-non-violence
Ahriman
- Spirit of Evil, in Zoroastrian religion
Ahurmazd
- Zoroastrian name of God
Akash
- ether; sky
Allah
- Muslim name of God
Amanifvam
- humility
Ananda
- joy
Anekantavada
- belief in many doctrines; skepticism
Anekaniavadi
- a believer in many doctrines; a sceptic
Arya Samaj
- a Hindu reformist organization founded by Swami Dayananda Saraswati in the last century
Ashram
- abode of a spiritual teacher; hermitage; one of the four stages of life according to Hinduism
Avatara
- incarnation of God
Ayodhya
- capital of the kingdom of Rama, the epic hero
Bansi
- flute
Bhagavadgita
- The Song Celestial, a highly philosophical poem of 700 verses which occurs in the Mahabharata and in which Krishna, incarnate God, discourses on eternal verities
Bhajan
- hymn; singing of hymns
Bhakta
- a devotee
Bhakti
- devotion
Brahma
- Hindu name of God, the Creator
Brahmachari
- a celibate; one who lives a life of self-restraint
Brahmacharya
- celibacy; continence; life of self-restraint
Brahman
- God
Brahmana
- member of the first (priestly) caste among Hindus
Brahmaputra
- a river of north-eastern India
Chaitanya
- Bengali religious reformer of the 15th century A. D. who preached Bhakti or devotion to God
Chapati
- thin, flat cake made of floor
Charya
- conduct; practice
Chit
- knowledge
Dada Hormazda
- Zoroastrian name of God
Daridranarayana
- God in the form of the poor
Dasharatha
- King of Ayodhya and father of Rama, the epic hero
Dayananda
- Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of the Arya Samaj
Devadhideva
- God of Gods
Deva, Devata
- god
Dharma
- religion; law of one's being; duty
Dvaita
- Hindu philosophy of Dualism
Dvaitism
- doctrine of Dualism
Ganga
- well-known sacred river of northern India
Gayatri
- sacred Vedic Mantra (or formula) which is reci­ted by orthodox Hindus in their daily worship
Gita
- same as Bhagavadgita
Guru
- teacher; religious preceptor
Hanuman
- monkey-chief of the epic Ramayana, whom Hindus venerate as a divinity
Harishchandra
- an ancient Hindu king who sacrificed his all for the sake of truth
Hirrtsa
- violence
Imam Hasan and Imam Husain
- saintly sons of Hazrat Ali, son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad
Ishwara
- Hindu name for God
Islam
- religion founded by Prophet Muhammad
Jainism
- an ancient religion of India propagated by 24 Tirthankars or Saviours, the first of whom was Rishabha and the last Mahavira, who was a contempo­rary of Buddha in the 6th century B. C. One of the cardinal doctrines of Jainism is Ahimsa or Non-violence
Janaka
- an ancient Hindu king who was a great philosopher
Janmashtami
- birthday of Shri Krishna, Hindu incarnation of God, to whom the Bhagavadgita or The Song Celestial is ascribed
Japa
- silent repetition
Jehova
- Hebrew name of God
Judaism
- the religion of the Jews
Kabir
- poet-saint of northern India who lived in the 15th century A. D. and who preached the essential unity of the Godhead and harmony of all religions
Kalma
- a Muslim formula of prayer
Karmayogi
- a follower of the path of selfless action
Khuda
- Muslim name for God
Koran
- Book of Revelation of Islam
Krishna
- central figure of the epic, Mahabharata, who is venerated by Hindus as God incarnate
Lila
- play
Mahabharata
- Hindu epic of about 1,00,000 verses, the cen­tral theme of which is the great war between the Pandavas and their cousins the Kauravas, who were rival claimants to the throne of Hastinapur (ancient Delhi)
Mandir
- Hindu temple
Mantra
- a sacred text or formula
Manu
- ancient Hindu law-giver
Maya
- illusion; divine power
Moksha
- liberation; freedom from birth and death
Namaz
- daily prayer of Muslims
Nanak
- founder of Sikhism (1469-1538 or 1539 A. D.)
Narasinha Mehta
- poet-saint of Gujarat who lived in the 15th century
Nirvana
- final emancipation from sway of passions; Buddhist goal of life
Niyamas
- rules of conduct
Omkar
- the sacred and mystic syllable
Om Paramatma
- the Supreme Self or God
Pariahs
- 'untouchables' among Hindus
Prahlad
- son of a mythological demon-king and devotee of God Vishnu, who faced dreadful ordeals in defence of his faith, remaining steadfast to the end
Puranas
- Hindu mythological books
Rahaman
- Muslim name of God
Rahim
- Muslim name of God
Rama, Ramachandra
- hero of the epic, Ramayana, who is regarded as an incarnation of God by Hindus
Ramakrishna
- Bengali saint (1836-86 A.D.) who taught the oneness of the Godhead and the basic harmony of all religions. The Ramakrishna Mission is named after him
Ratnanama
- name of Rama (i.e. God)
Ramayana
- Hindu epic which relates the story of the abduc­tion of Sita, wife of Rama, prince of Ayodhya, by Ravana, demon-king of Lanka, and her rescue by Rama after the destruction of the demon
Ramanuja
- Hindu philosopher-saint of the 11th century A. D. who was an exponent of Vishishtadvaita or qualified Monism
Sanatani
- a follower of orthodox Hinduism
Sannyasa
- renunciation of worldly ties
Sanskaras
- innate tendencies inherited from past lives
Sarvodaya
- welfare of all
Sat
- truth; that which exists
Sat-Chit-Ananda
- Truth-Knowledge-Bliss
Sattika
- endowed with goodness; virtuous
Satya
- truth
Satyagraha
- recourse to truth-force or soul-force
Satyavan
- husband of Savitri, heroine of well-known mytho­logical episode. She wins back his life from Yama, the god of death
Savitri
- heroine of the Satyavan-Savitri episode
Shankara
- Hindu philosopher of the 8th century A. D. who was an exponent of Advaita or Absolute Non-Dualism; a name of the Deity
Shankaracharya
- same as Shankara; also a member of the order of monks founded by Shankara
Shastra
- Hindu scripture
Shastri
- one versed in scriptures
Shuddhi—lit.
- "purification"; conversion to Hindu faith
Shudra
- member of the fourth of menial caste among Hindus
Sthitaprajna
- one who is firmly established in transcendental knowledge
Surdas
- blind Hindi poet-saint of northern India who lived in the 16th century A. D.
Syadvada
- philosophy of "probability" in matters of percep­tion by the senses; a form of scepticism. Which is pro­fessed by a section of Jain thinkers
Syadvadi
- a believer in Syadvada
Tabligh
- propaganda and conversion to Islam
Tapas
- penance; religious austerity
Trappist
- an order of Christian monks who observe the vow of silence
Tulsidas
- Hindi poet of northern India who lived in the 16th century A.D. and whose work
Ramacharitamanasa
- recounting the story of the epic hero, Rama, has become universally popular with Hindus
Upanishads
- ancient philosophical treatises which are believed by Hindus to contain revealed truth
Vairagya
- aversion to worldly life
Vaishnava
- a devotee of God Vishnu, the "Preserver" among the Hindu Trinity
Varnashrama
- four-fold division of Hindu society
Vedas
- most ancient scriptures of Hindus which are believed to embody revealed truth
Vedic
- belonging to Vedas
Vishnu
- the "Preserver" among Hindu Trinity
Vyasa
- compiler of the Vedas and author of the Mahabharata
Yajna
- sacrifice
Yamuna
- a river of northern India, hallowed by its asso­ciations with Krishna, the Hindu incarnation
Zend Avesta
- Zoroastrian scripture
Zoroaster
- founder of Zoroastrian religion which is profes­sed by the Parsees of India. He is also known as Zarathustra or Zerdusht