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TRUTH > TRUTH IS GOD >Non-English Words with their meanings

 

Non-English Words with their meanings

Abhyasa

- repetition; practice; study

Abu Ben Adhem

- a saintly Muslim character, the creation of Leigh Hunt's poetic imagination, who is represented as one who, though he was content to be known merely as a lover of his fellowmen, found his name in the recor­ding angel's book leading the list of those who loved the Lord

Adi Parva

- first book of the Hindu epic, Mahabharata

Advaita

- Hindu philosophy of Non-dualism

Advaitist

- a believer in non-dualism

Agiari

- Zoroastrian fire-temple

Ahimsa

- non-violence

Ahriman

- Spirit of Evil, in Zoroastrian religion

Ahurmazd

- Zoroastrian name of God

Akash

- ether; sky

Allah

- Muslim name of God

Amanifvam

- humility

Ananda

- joy

Anekantavada

- belief in many doctrines; skepticism

Anekaniavadi

- a believer in many doctrines; a sceptic

Arya Samaj

- a Hindu reformist organization founded by Swami Dayananda Saraswati in the last century

Ashram

- abode of a spiritual teacher; hermitage; one of the four stages of life according to Hinduism

Avatara

- incarnation of God

Ayodhya

- capital of the kingdom of Rama, the epic hero

Bansi

- flute

Bhagavadgita

- The Song Celestial, a highly philosophical poem of 700 verses which occurs in the Mahabharata and in which Krishna, incarnate God, discourses on eternal verities

Bhajan

- hymn; singing of hymns

Bhakta

- a devotee

Bhakti

- devotion

Brahma

- Hindu name of God, the Creator

Brahmachari

- a celibate; one who lives a life of self-restraint

Brahmacharya

- celibacy; continence; life of self-restraint

Brahman

- God

Brahmana

- member of the first (priestly) caste among Hindus

Brahmaputra

- a river of north-eastern India

Chaitanya

- Bengali religious reformer of the 15th century A. D. who preached Bhakti or devotion to God

Chapati

- thin, flat cake made of floor

Charya

- conduct; practice

Chit

- knowledge

Dada Hormazda

- Zoroastrian name of God

Daridranarayana

- God in the form of the poor

Dasharatha

- King of Ayodhya and father of Rama, the epic hero

Dayananda

- Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of the Arya Samaj

Devadhideva

- God of Gods

Deva, Devata

- god

Dharma

- religion; law of one's being; duty

Dvaita

- Hindu philosophy of Dualism

Dvaitism

- doctrine of Dualism

Ganga

- well-known sacred river of northern India

Gayatri

- sacred Vedic Mantra (or formula) which is reci­ted by orthodox Hindus in their daily worship

Gita

- same as Bhagavadgita

Guru

- teacher; religious preceptor

Hanuman

- monkey-chief of the epic Ramayana, whom Hindus venerate as a divinity

Harishchandra

- an ancient Hindu king who sacrificed his all for the sake of truth

Hirrtsa

- violence

Imam Hasan and Imam Husain

- saintly sons of Hazrat Ali, son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad

Ishwara

- Hindu name for God

Islam

- religion founded by Prophet Muhammad

Jainism

- an ancient religion of India propagated by 24 Tirthankars or Saviours, the first of whom was Rishabha and the last Mahavira, who was a contempo­rary of Buddha in the 6th century B. C. One of the cardinal doctrines of Jainism is Ahimsa or Non-violence

Janaka

- an ancient Hindu king who was a great philosopher

Janmashtami

- birthday of Shri Krishna, Hindu incarnation of God, to whom the Bhagavadgita or The Song Celestial is ascribed

Japa

- silent repetition

Jehova

- Hebrew name of God

Judaism

- the religion of the Jews

Kabir

- poet-saint of northern India who lived in the 15th century A. D. and who preached the essential unity of the Godhead and harmony of all religions

Kalma

- a Muslim formula of prayer

Karmayogi

- a follower of the path of selfless action

Khuda

- Muslim name for God

Koran

- Book of Revelation of Islam

Krishna

- central figure of the epic, Mahabharata, who is venerated by Hindus as God incarnate

Lila

- play

Mahabharata

- Hindu epic of about 1,00,000 verses, the cen­tral theme of which is the great war between the Pandavas and their cousins the Kauravas, who were rival claimants to the throne of Hastinapur (ancient Delhi)

Mandir

- Hindu temple

Mantra

- a sacred text or formula

Manu

- ancient Hindu law-giver

Maya

- illusion; divine power

Moksha

- liberation; freedom from birth and death

Namaz

- daily prayer of Muslims

Nanak

- founder of Sikhism (1469-1538 or 1539 A. D.)

Narasinha Mehta

- poet-saint of Gujarat who lived in the 15th century

Nirvana

- final emancipation from sway of passions; Buddhist goal of life

Niyamas

- rules of conduct

Omkar

- the sacred and mystic syllable

Om Paramatma

- the Supreme Self or God

Pariahs

- 'untouchables' among Hindus

Prahlad

- son of a mythological demon-king and devotee of God Vishnu, who faced dreadful ordeals in defence of his faith, remaining steadfast to the end

Puranas

- Hindu mythological books

Rahaman

- Muslim name of God

Rahim

- Muslim name of God

Rama, Ramachandra

- hero of the epic, Ramayana, who is regarded as an incarnation of God by Hindus

Ramakrishna

- Bengali saint (1836-86 A.D.) who taught the oneness of the Godhead and the basic harmony of all religions. The Ramakrishna Mission is named after him

Ratnanama

- name of Rama (i.e. God)

Ramayana

- Hindu epic which relates the story of the abduc­tion of Sita, wife of Rama, prince of Ayodhya, by Ravana, demon-king of Lanka, and her rescue by Rama after the destruction of the demon

Ramanuja

- Hindu philosopher-saint of the 11th century A. D. who was an exponent of Vishishtadvaita or qualified Monism

Sanatani

- a follower of orthodox Hinduism

Sannyasa

- renunciation of worldly ties

Sanskaras

- innate tendencies inherited from past lives

Sarvodaya

- welfare of all

Sat

- truth; that which exists

Sat-Chit-Ananda

- Truth-Knowledge-Bliss

Sattika

- endowed with goodness; virtuous

Satya

- truth

Satyagraha

- recourse to truth-force or soul-force

Satyavan

- husband of Savitri, heroine of well-known mytho­logical episode. She wins back his life from Yama, the god of death

Savitri

- heroine of the Satyavan-Savitri episode

Shankara

- Hindu philosopher of the 8th century A. D. who was an exponent of Advaita or Absolute Non-Dualism; a name of the Deity

Shankaracharya

- same as Shankara; also a member of the order of monks founded by Shankara

Shastra

- Hindu scripture

Shastri

- one versed in scriptures

Shuddhi—lit.

- "purification"; conversion to Hindu faith

Shudra

- member of the fourth of menial caste among Hindus

Sthitaprajna

- one who is firmly established in transcendental knowledge

Surdas

- blind Hindi poet-saint of northern India who lived in the 16th century A. D.

Syadvada

- philosophy of "probability" in matters of percep­tion by the senses; a form of scepticism. Which is pro­fessed by a section of Jain thinkers

Syadvadi

- a believer in Syadvada

Tabligh

- propaganda and conversion to Islam

Tapas

- penance; religious austerity

Trappist

- an order of Christian monks who observe the vow of silence

Tulsidas

- Hindi poet of northern India who lived in the 16th century A.D. and whose work

Ramacharitamanasa

- recounting the story of the epic hero, Rama, has become universally popular with Hindus

Upanishads

- ancient philosophical treatises which are be­lieved by Hindus to contain revealed truth

Vairagya

- aversion to worldly life

Vaishnava

- a devotee of God Vishnu, the "Preserver" among the Hindu Trinity

Varnashrama

- four-fold division of Hindu society

Vedas

- most ancient scriptures of Hindus which are be­lieved to embody revealed truth

Vedic

- belonging to Vedas

Vishnu

- the "Preserver" among Hindu Trinity

Vyasa

- compiler of the Vedas and author of the Mahabharata

Yajna

- sacrifice

Yamuna

- a river of northern India, hallowed by its asso­ciations with Krishna, the Hindu incarnation

Zend Avesta

- Zoroastrian scripture

Zoroaster

- founder of Zoroastrian religion which is profes­sed by the Parsees of India. He is also known as Zarathustra or Zerdusht