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PEACE, NON-VIOLENCE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION > The practice of non-violence
The Practice of Non-violence
PROTEST AND PERSUASION FORMAL STATEMENTS
  • Public speeches
  • Letters ofopposition
  • Signed publicstatements
  • Group or masspetitions
HONOURING THE DEAD
  • Political mourning
  • Demonstrative funerals
  • Homage at burial places
COMMUNICATION WITH A WIDER AUDIENCE
  • Slogans, caricatures, symbols
  • Leaflets, pamphlets, books
  • newspapers / newsletters and journals
  • records, radio, television
  • internet and emails
  • advertisements and short films
ECONOMIC NON-COOPERATIONS/STRIKES/PUBLIC ASSEMBLIES
  • Assemblies of protest or support
  • Protest meetings
GROUP REPRESENTATIONS
  • Group lobbying
  • Picketing
  • Demonstrations and rallies
WITHDRAWAL AND RENUNCIATION
  • Walkout
  • Silence
  • Renouncing honours
  • Turning one's back
SYMBOLIC PUBLIC ACTS
  • Displays of flags and symbolic colours
  • Wearing of symbols
SOCIAL NON-COOPERATION OSTRACISM OF PERSONS
  • Social boycott
  • Lysistratic non-action
  • Excommunication
PRESSURE ON INDIVIDUALS
  • “Haunting” and taunting officials
  • Filing litigations and cases
  • Vigils
NON-COOPERATION WITH SOCIAL EVENTS, CUSTOMS & INSTITUTIONS
  • Suspension of social and sports activities
  • Boycott of social affairs
  • Strikes and sit-ins
  • Social disobedience
  • Withdrawal from social institutions
DRAMA AND MUSIC
  • Humorous skits and pranks
  • Individual and group singing
WITHDRAWAL FROM SOCIAL SYSTEM
  • Stay-at-home
  • Total personal non-cooperation
  • Collective disappearance
  • Protest emigration
  • Self-imposed exile
PROCESSIONS
  • Marches and parades
  • Religious processions
  • Pilgrimages
  • Motorcades, cycle rallies
ECONOMIC NON-COOPERATION / BOYCOTTS ACTION BYCONSUMERS
  • Consumer's boycott, national and international
  • Non-consumption of boycotted good
  • rent withholding
ACTION BY WORKERS & PRODUCERS
  • Worker's boycott
  • Producer's boycott
ACTION BY OWNERS & MANAGEMENT
  • Traders' boycott
  • Lockout
  • Refusal of industrial assistance
LEGAL INTERVENTION
  • Filing public interest litigations
  • Supporting landmark cases and judgments
  • Recourse to national and international laws, courtsand conventions
ACTION BY HOLDERS OF FINANCIAL RESOURCES
  • Withdrawal of bank deposits
  • Refusal to pay fees, dues and assessments
  • Revenue refusal
ACTION BY GOVERNMENT
  • Domestic embargo
  • Blacklisting of traders
  • International buyers', sellers' and trade embargo
SYMBOLIC STRIKES
  • Protest strike
  • Quick walkout, lightning strike
  • Slowdown strike
  • Reporting “sick”
  • Strike by resignation
  • Limited and selective strike
  • Strike
POLITICAL NONCOOPERATION REJECTION OF AUTHORITY
  • Withholding or withdrawal of allegiance
  • literature and speeches advocating resistance
PHYSICAL INTERVENTION
  • Sit-in and stand-ins
  • Nonviolent obstruction
  • Nonviolent occupation
  • Fasting
SOCIAL INTERVENTION
  • Overloading of facilities
  • Alternative social institutions and communicationsystems
CITIZENS' NONCOOPERATION WITH GOVERNMENT
  • Boycott of elections, government employment andpositions
  • Withdrawal from government educational institutionand organizations
  • Refusal to accept appointed officials
POLITICAL INTERVENTION
  • Seeking imprisonment
  • Parallel government
CITIZENS' ALTERNAIVES TO OBEDIENCE
  • Reluctant and slow compliance
  • Non-obedience in absence of direct supervision
  • Refusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperse
  • Non-cooperation with conscription and deportation
  • Hiding, escape, false identities
  • Civil disobedience of “illegitimate” laws
ACTION BY GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL
  • Blocking lines of command and information
  • Stalling and obstruction
  • Deliberate inefficiency
INTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL ACTION
  • Changes in diplomatic and other representation
  • Delay and cancellation of diplomatic events
  • Withholding diplomatic recognition
  • Severance of diplomatic relations
  • Withdrawal or expulsion from internationalorganizations
  • Refusal of membership in international bodies
ECONOMIC INTERVENTION
  • Politically motivated counterfeiting
  • Seizure of assets
  • Dumping
  • Selective patronage
  • Alternative markets, economic institutions andtransport systems
 

This list was originally prepared by GENE SHARP in 1970's.
Also see 198 methos of non-violent action (external link)