Passive resistance is aimed at removal in a most approved manner of bad laws, customs or other evils and is designed to be a complete and effective substitute for forcible methods including hooliganism and lynch law. It is an appeal to the heart of man. Often reason fails. It is dwarfed by self. The theory is that an adequate appeal to the heart never fails. Seeding failure is not of the law of Satyagraha but of incompetence* of the Satyagrahi by whatever cause induced. It may not be possible to give a complete historical instance. The name of Jesus at once comes to the lips. It is an instance of brilliant failure. And he has been acclaimed in the West as the Prince of passive resisters. I showed years ago in South Africa that the adjective 'passive' was a misnomer, at least as applied to Jesus. He was the most active resister known perhaps to history. His was non-violence par excellence. But I must no longer stray from my main subject. It is the resistance of the Jesus type that the White hooligans are seeking to thwart. Let us hope that our countrymen's heroic resistance will not only shame the hooligans into silence but prove the precursor of the repeal of the law that disfigures the statute book of South Africa. In concrete form, what pure suffering, wholly onesided, does is to stir public opinion against a wrong. Legislators are, after all, representatives of the public. In obedience to it they have enacted a wrong. They have to reverse the process when the same public, awakened to the wrong, demands its removal.
The real 'White man's burden' is not insolently to dominate coloured
or black people under the guise of protection, it is to desist from
the hypocrisy which is eating into them. It is time White men learnt
to treat every human being as their equal. There is no mystery about
whiteness of the skin. It has repeatedly been proved that given
equal opportunity a man, be he of any colour or country, is fully
equal to any other.
Therefore, White men throughout the world and especially of India
should act upon their fellow-men in South Africa and call upon them
not to molest Indian resisters who are bravely struggling to
preserve the self- respect of Indians in the Union and the honour of
their motherland. "Do unto others as you would that they should do
unto you." Or, do they take in vain the name of him who said this?
Have they banished from their hearts the great coloured Asiatic who
gave to the world the above message? Do they forget that the
greatest of the teachers of mankind were all Asiatics and did not
possess a white face? These, if they descended on earth and went to
South Africa, will all have to live in the segregated areas and be
classed as Asiatics and coloured people unfit by law to be equals of
Is a civilization worth the name which requires for its existence
the very doubtful prop of racial legislation and lynch law? The
silver lining to the cloud that hangs over the devoted heads of our
countrymen lies in the plucky action of Rev. Scott, a White
clergyman, and his equally White fellow workers, who have undertaken
to share the sufferings of the Indian resisters.
New Delhi, 26-6-'46