YI, 24 June 1926
Man is neither mere intellect, nor the gross
animal body, nor the heart or soul alone. A proper and the harmonious
combination of all the three is required for the making of the whole man and
constitutes the true economics of education.
H, 11 Sept. 1937
I hold that true education of the intellect
can only come through a proper exercise and training of the bodily organs,
e.g., hands, feet, eyes, ears, nose, etc. In other words, an intelligent use
of the bodily organs in a child provides the best and quickest way of
developing his intellect.
H, 8 March 1937
But unless the development of the mind and
body goes hand in hand with a corresponding awakening of the soul, the
former alone would prove to be a poor lop-sided affair. By spiritual
training I mean education of the heart. A proper and all round development
of the mind, therefore, can take place only when it proceeds pari passu with
the education of the physical and spiritual faculties of the child. They
constitute an indivisible whole.
H, 17 April 1937
In my scheme of things the h and will handle
tools before it draws or traces the writing. The eyes will read the pictures
of letters and words as they will know other things in life, the ears will
catch the manes and meanings of things and sentences. The whole training
will be natural, responsive, and therefore the quickest and the cheapest in
H, 28 Aug. 1937
Literary education should follow the education
of the hand the one gift that visibly distinguishes man from the beast. It
is a superstition to think that the fullest development of man is impossible
without knowledge of the art of reading and writing. The knowledge
undoubtedly adds grace to life, but is in no way indispensable for manís
moral, physical or material growth.
H, 8 March 1935
The introduction of manual training will serve
a double purpose in a poor country like ours. It will pay for the education
of our children and teach them an occupation, on which they can fall back in
after life, if they choose, for earning a living. Such a system must make
our children self-reliant. Nothing will demoralize the nation so much as
that we should learn to despise labour.
YI, 1 Sept. 1926
Among the many evils of foreign rule, this
blighting imposition of a foreign medium upon the youth of the country will
be counted by history as one of the greatest. It has sapped the energy of
the nation, it has shortened the lives of the pupils. It has estranged them
from the masses, it has made education unnecessarily expensive. If this
process is still persisted in, it bids fair to rob the nation of its soul.
YI, 5 July 1928
If we are to reach real peace in this world
and if we are to carry on a real war against war, we shall have to begin
with children; and if they will grow up in their natural innocence, we wonít
have to struggle; we wonít have to pass fruitless idle resolution, but we
shall go from love to love and peace top peace, until at last all the
corners of the world are covered with that peace and love for which
consciously or unconsciously the whole world is hungering.
YI, 19 Nov. 1931
H, 30 March 1934
A nation building programme can leave no part
of the nation untouched. Students have to react upon the dumb millions. They
have to learn to think, not in terms of province, or a town, or a class or a
caste, but in terms of a continent and of the millions who include
untouchables, drunkards, hooligans and even prostitutes, for whose existence
in our midst every one of us is responsible.
YI, 9 June 1927
Students in olden times were called brahmacharis,
i.e., those who walked wit and in the fear of God. They were honoured by kings
and elders. They were a voluntary charge on the nation, and in turn they gave to
the nation a hundred fold strong souls, strong brains, strong arms.
YI, 13 Nov. 1924
What conscious art of man can give me the
panoramic scenes that open out before me, when I look up to the sky above
with all its shining stars? This, however, does not mean that I refuse to
accept the value of productions of art, accept the value of productions of
art, generally accepted as such, but only that generally accepted as such,
but only that I personally feel how inadequate these are compared with the
eternal symbols of beauty in Nature. These productions of manís art have
their value only in so far as they help the soul onward towards
YI, 13 Nov. 1924
To a true artist only that face is beautiful
which, quite apart from its exterior, shines with the Truth within the soul.
There is no Beauty apart from Truth. On the other hand, Truth may manifest
itself in forms which may not be outwardly beautiful at all.
I see and find Beauty in Truth or through
Truth. All Truth, not merely true ideas but truthful faces, truthful
pictures, or songs are highly beautiful. People generally fail to see Beauty
in Truth, the ordinary man runs away from and becomes blind to the Beauty in
it. Whenever men begin to see Beauty in Truth, then true art will arise.
YI, 13 Nov. 1924
When I admire the wonder of a sunset or the
beauty of the moon, my soul expands in worship of the creator. I try to see
Him and Him mercies in all these creations. But even the sunsets and
sunrises would be mere hindrances if they did not help me to think of Him.
Anything, which is a hindrance to the fight of the soul, is a delusion and
snare; even like the body, which often does actually hinder you in the path
YI, 13 March 1929
True art takes note not merely of form but also of
what lies behind. There is an art that kills and an art that gives life. True
art must be evidence of happiness, contentment and purity of its authors.
YI, 11 Aug. 1921
H, 19 Feb. 1938
No culture can live, if it attempts to be
exclusive. There is no such thing as pure Aryan culture in existence today
in India. Whether the Aryans were indigenous to India or were unwelcome
visitors, does not interest me much. What does interest me is the fact that
my remote ancestors blended with one another with the utmost freedom and we
of the present generation are a result of that blend.
Whether we are doing any good to the country of our birth and the tiny globe
that sustains us or whether we are a burden, the future alone will show.
H, 9 May 1936
I am no indiscriminate superstitious
worshipper of all that goes under the name of Ďancientí. I never hesitated
to endeavour to demolish all that is evil immoral, no matter how ancient it
may be, but with this reservation. I must confess to you that I am an adorer
of ancient institutions and it hurts me to think that people in their mad
rush for everything modern despise all their ancient traditions and ignore
them in their lives.
WGG, p. 105
We have to decide whether we shall
indiscriminately copy this civilization. We may well pause in the face of
the awful revelations that come to us from the West from time to time, and
ask ourselves, whether after all it is not better to hold by our own
civilization an seek in the light of the comparative knowledge that is
available to us, to reform it by removing its known excrescences.
YI, 2 June 1927
It is perhaps unnecessary, if not useless, to
weigh the merits of the two civilizations. It is likely that the West has
evolved a civilization suited to its climate and surroundings and similarly,
we have a civilization suited to our conditions and both are good in their
own respective spheres.
YI, 2 June 1927
Cowardliness which often springs from pacific
training, and obsequiousness which comes from the restraint that is handed
down from generation to generation, have some how to be avoided , if the
ancient civilization is not to perish before the mad modern rush.
YI, 2 June 1927
YI, 1 June 1921