Oneness of Man
I BELIEVE in absolute oneness of God
and, therefore, also of humanity. What though we have many bodies?
We have but one soul. The rays of the sun are many through
refraction. But they have the same source. I cannot therefore detach
myself from the wickedest soul (nor may I be denied identity with
the most virtuous). Whether, therefore, I will or no, I must involve
in my experiment the whole of my kind. Nor can I do without
experiment. Life is but an endless series of experiments.
Break through the crust of limitation
and India becomes one family. If all limitations vanish, the whole
world becomes one family, which it really is. Not to cross these
bars is to become callous to all fine feelings which make a man.
No religious Divisions
If a free India is to live at peace
with herself, religious division must entirely give place to
political division based on considerations other than religious.
Even as it is, though unfortunately religious differences loom
large, most parties contain members drawn from various sects.
No Privileged Class
No privileges should be given to
anyone in the new India. It is the poor and neglected and down
trodden and weak that should be our special care and attention. A
Brahmana should not grudge if more money is spent on the uplift of
the Harijans. At the same time, a Brahmana may not be done down
simply because he is a Brahmana. In fact, the Brahmana are a very
small minority. There must be pure and undefiled justice for
everyone in both Pakistan and Hindustan.
It is the duty of every citizen to
treat the lowliest on a par with the others.
Regard for Lowliest
What should we do then? If we would
see our dream of Panchayat Raj, i.e. true democracy realized, we
would regard the humblest and lowest Indian as being equally the
ruler of India with the tallest in the land. This presupposes that
all are pure or will become pure if they are not. And purity must go
hand in hand with wisdom. No one would then harbor any distinction
between community and community, caste and out-caste. Everybody
would regard all as equal with oneself and hold them together in the
silken net of love. No one would regard another as untouchable. We
would hold as equal the toiling labourer and the rich capitalist.
Everybody would know how to earn and honest living by the sweat of
oneís brow and make no distinction between intellectual and physical
labour. To hasten this consummations, we would voluntarily turn
ourselves into scavengers. No one who has wisdom will ever touch
opium, Liquor or any intoxicants. Everybody would observe Swadeshi
as the rule of life and regard every woman, not being his heart. He
will be ready to lay down his life when occasion demands it, never
want to take anotherís life.