The programme is not exhaustive. Swaraj is a mighty structure. Eighty crores of hands have to work at building it, Of these *kisans*, i.e., the peasantry are the largest part. In fact, being the bulk of them (probably over 80%) the *kisans* should be the Congress, But they are not, When they become conscious of their non-violent strength, no power on earth can resist them.
They must not be used for power politics. I
consider it to be contrary to the non-violent method. Those who would know my
method of organizing *kisans* may profitably study the movement in Champaran
when *Satyagraha* was tried for the first time in India with the result all
India knows. It became a mass movement which remained wholly non-violent from
start to finish. It affected over twenty lakhs of *kisans*. The struggle
centered round one specific grievance which was a century old. There had been
several violent revolts to get rid of the grievance. The *kisans* were
suppressed, The non-violent remedy succeeded in full in six months. The *kisans*
of Champaran became politically conscious without any direct effort. The
tangible proof they had of the working of non-violence to remove their grievance
drew them to the Congress, and led by Babu Brijkishoreprasad and Babu
Rajendraprasad they gave a good account of themselves during the past Civil
The reader may also priofitably study the kisan
movements in Kheda, Bardoli and Borsad, The secret of success lies in a refusal
to exploit the *kisans* for political purpose outside their own personal and
felt grievances. Organization round a specific wrong they understand. They need
no sermons on non-violence. Let them learn to apply non-violence as an effective
remedy which they can understand, and later when they are told that the method
they were applying was non-violent, they readily recognize it as such.
From these illustrations Congressmen who care
could study how work can be done for and among *kisans*. I hold that the method
that some Congressmen have followed to organize *kisans* has done them no good
and has probably harmed them. Anyway they have not used the non-violent method.
Be it said to the credit of some of these workers that they frankly admit that
they do not believe in the non-violent method. My advice to such workers would
be that they should neither use the Congress name nor work as Congress-men.
The reader will now understand why I have
refrained from the competition to organize *kisans* and Labour on an all- India
basis. How I wish that all hands pulled in the same direction! But perhaps in a
huge country like ours it is impossible. Anyway, in non-violence there is no
coercion. Cold reason and demonstration of the working of non-violence must be
trusted to do the work.
In my opinion, like labour, they should have under
the Congress, a department working for their specific question.