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A Short Chronological Sketch

2 October, 1869

Birth at Porbunder in Gujarat (Sudamapuri, Kathiawad)


Married Kasturba

4th September, 1888

Left for London to study Law

12 January, 1891

Passed the Law examination

10-11 June, 1891

Called to the British Bar and enrolled in the High Court

12 June, 1891

Set sail for home

6 July, 1891

In India, introduced to Raychandbhai (Whom Gandhiji regarded as his Guru)

16 November, 1891

Applied for enrollment in the Bombay High Court

24 May, 1892

Came to Bombay to start practice in the High Court as Barrister

April, 1893

Representing a Porbunder firm set sail for South Africa

June, 1893

At Pietermaritzberg station Gandhiji was ordered to go into the van compartment of the train although he held a first class ticket. On his refusal, a constable was brought and he was forcibly ejected, his bundles pitched out after him. He was left to shiver in the waiting room all night.

22 May, 1894

Proposed an Organisation to watch the interest of Indians and to oppose colour bar against them in South Africa.

22 August, 1894

Founded Natal Indian Congress to fight colour prejudice

3 September, 1894

Admitted to Natal Supreme Court despite opposition by Natal Law Society

17 October, 1899

Out break of Boer War and Gandhiji joined Ambulance Corps

18 October, 1899

Started for India assuring to return to South Africa in his service were to be needed

27 December, 1901

Moved a resolution on South Africa at Calcutta Congress session.

20 November, 1902

At the growing pressure from Indians in South Africa, returned to South Africa


Founded Transvaal British India Association

1 October, 1904

Took over entire management responsibility of ‘Indian Opinion’

Nov.-Dec., 1904

Founded Phoenix settlement

September, 1906

Started Passive Resistance Movement

13-22 November,1909

Wrote ‘Hind Swaraj’ in Gujarati on board S.S.Kildonan Castle on the way to South Africa from London

9 January, 1915

Returned to India

25 May, 1915

Founded Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab, Ahemadabad

April, 1917

Champaran Satyagraha


Ahemadabad mill workers & Kheda Peasant Satyagraha

13 April, 1919

Massacre at mass meeting at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Gandhiji implored people to be calm

8 October, 1919

First issue of ‘Young India’ under Gandhiji’s Editorship


Khilafat and non-Co-operation Movement

5 February, 1922

Chauri Chaura incident and withdrawal of Non Co-operation Movement

10 March, 1922

Arrested. On 21 March sent to Yervada Jail. Remained in jail till March 1924.

17 September, 1924

Started 21 days fast for Hindu-Muslim unity

December, 1924

Presided over the Belgaum Congress

December, 1928

Attended Calcutta Congress where a draft Constitution of India was adopted on 31 December, 1928

December, 1929

Gandhiji’s resolution on Complete Independence was adopted at open session of Lahore Congress along with immediate boycott of legislatures.

26 January, 1930

Pledge of Independence day taken all over India

19 February, 1930

All India Congress Committee adopted Civil Disobedience programme

12 March, 1930

At 6.30 a.m. with 78 Ashramaties Gandhiji started his famous Dandi March to break the Salt Law

4 May, 1930

Arrested and taken to Yervada jail

26 January, 1931

Released from Jail

5 March, 1931

Gandhi-Irwin Pact was announced

29 March, 1931

Left for London to attend Round Table Conference

5 December, 1931

Decided to restart Non Co-operation Movement

4 January, 1932

Started fast against separate electorate for the Harijans

8 May, 1933

Started 21 days fast for the improvement of Harijan’s condition and was released at 6 p.m. from jail

31 July, 1933

Individual Civil Disobedience started

1 August, 1933

Arrested and remained in Jail till 23 Aug.1933

17 September, 1934

Stated “I am going to resign from the Congress”

28 October, 1934

Declared his intention to retire from Congress


Founded Sevagram Ashram at Wardha


Wardha Scheme of Education

May & Oct-Nov, 1938

North West Frontier tours

3 March, 1939

Started fast unto death at Rajkot and on settlement of the issue ended fast on 7 March, 1939

15 October, 1940

Started Anti-war individual Satyagraha with Vinoba as the first Satyagrahi

15 January, 1942

‘My political successor is Jawaharlal’ Gandhiji said.

5 March, 1942

Cripps arrives

30 March, 1942

The idea of ‘Quit India’ burst upon Gandhiji

8 March, 1942

Addressed All India Congress Committee of Bombay and Quit India resolution was passed.

9 August, 1942

Arrested and taken to Agakhan Palace-Jail

15 August, 1942

Lighted the pyre of Mahadev Desai, his secretary who died in Jail

10 February, 1943

Started fast in Agakhan Palace-Jail

3 March, 1943

Ended fast-in-Jail

22 February, 1944

At 7.35 p.m. Kasturba died. The saree woven from yarn spun by Gandhiji was wrapped round her body

6 May, 1944

Released from Jail

March, 1945

Cabinet Mission

Jan-July, 1945

Simla Conference


Cabinet plan accepted

10 October, 1946

In Naokhali and other districts in East Bengal inhuman atrocities started

6 November, 1946

Left Calcutta for Naokhali by a special train

Jan-Dec., 1947

Toured troubled areas of Bengal, Bihar & Delhi

15 August, 1947

At Calcutta, fasted as country was cut into two pieces

13 January, 1948

Started fast in Delhi against communal riots

16 January, 1948

‘I do not wish to live if peace is not established in India and Pakistan’

18 January, 1948

Broke fast by taking orange juice from Maulana Azad

20 January, 1948

A bomb exploded during prayer

27 January, 1948

Wrote that Congress should cease as political body and should devote on his way to evening prayer ground at Birla House, Delhi.

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