: CHANDRASHEKAR SHANKAR DHARMADHIKARI
BIRTH DATE &
20th November, 1927 at 'Raipur' (Madhya Pradesh)
EDUCATION : M.A.L.L.B of Nagpur University.
Lawyer since 1954 to 1972.
Was Government Pleader, High Court
of Bombay, Nagpur Bench from 1965 to 1972.
Was appointed as the Judge of the
High Court of Judicature at Bombay w.e.f. 13th July, 1972. Was
Acting Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court. Retired on 20th
November, 1989. Was Chairman of Maharashtra Administrative
Tribunal from 7th July,1991 to 20th November, 1992.
Chairman, Dahanu Taluka
Environment Protection Authority.
Chairman, Vidhi Anuvad
va Paribhasha Sallagar Samiti, Govt. of Maharashtra.
Chairman, Committee To
Monitor Animal Welfare Laws in Maharashtra
Chairman of the Committee for Suggesting Ways and Means
Regarding Atrocities on Women (Government of Maharashtra)
Belongs to the family of lawyers.
His grandfather Shri. T. D. Dharmadhikari was in judicial
Service and was A. D. J. was known for his integrity and
Brother Late Y. S. Dharmadhikari
was Advocate General of Madhya Pradesh.
Son of Acharya Dada Dharmadhikari,
well-known Gandhian Thinker and Freedom Fighter. Who took part in
all the movements launched by Gandhiji and was imprisoned
Mother, Late Smt. Damayanti
Dharmadhikari took part in individual Satyagraha in 1941 and
Quit India Movement of 1942 and was imprisoned for about three
Wife, Late Mrs. Tara Dharmadhikari is M. A.
(Economics) and held Diploma in Journalism and was Deputy Director,
Information and Publicity, Government of Maharashtra and Editor,
Lokrajya. She died on 02nd April 2007.
Daughters, Aruna Patil is Doctor.
Sons, Satyaranjan is judge of High
Court of Bombay and Ashutosh is an Advocate.
Took part in Quit India Movement
of 1942. The Government of Maharashtra in recognition of
his Services as Freedom Fighter, sue motto, included his Name in
Prestigious List of Freedom Fighters.
Was associated with Student’s
Movement and was Secretary of National Union of Students,
Was President of :
Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh.
the Employees of Textile Mills at Nagpur for about five years.
Actively associated with
Educational, Social and Cultural Organisations.
Was Chairman of Educational
Was President of Kusumagraj
Pratisthan and Gandhi Memorial Leprosy Foundation, Wardha and Yusuf
Was Vice President of :
Vidarbha Rashtra Bhasha Prachar
Maharashtra State Free Legal Aid
and Advice Board.
Now President of:
Abhyankar Smarak Trust, Nagpur.
Maharashtra State Federation of Goshalas and Panjarpol.
Kushta Rog Niwaran Samiti, Shantivan.
Global Schools Foundation, Singapore.
Now, Vice President of:
Shiksha Mandal Wardha and Jabalpur.
International Lerposy Union.
Institute of Gandhian Studies, Wardha.
Vidhi Anuvad va Paribhasha Sallagar Samiti, Govt. of Maharashtra.
Bombay Reforms Association.
Sarvodaya Ashram, Nagpur.
Managing Council G.S. College of Commerce and Economics,
Rashtra Bhasha Prachar
Gandhi Research Foundation,
Now, Member of :
Board of Advisors, Mani Bhavan Gandhi Sangrahalaya.
Advisory Board, Sane Guruji Rashtriya Smarak.
Advisory Committee, Campaign Against Child Labour (CACL)
Community Aid and Sponsorship Programme (CASP)
Kushta Rog Niwaran Samiti, Shantiwan.
Society for Education, Action and Research in Community Health
Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation.
Fuiji Guruji Memorial Trust.
Seva Mandal Education Society, Mumbai
Gandhi Labour Foundation, Puri.
Connected with Award Committees of
Jamnalal Bajaj Award.
Ladies Wing of Indian Merchants Chambers- Jankidevi Bajaj Award
Also Actively Connected With:
Maharashtra Vyassan Mukti Movement.
Mahila Shantisena. And
several Social Organizations.
A book on Constitution of India
titled as “Bharatiya Sanvidhanache
Adhisthan” (Marathi) which received Government of Maharashtra Literary Award for
the year 1976-77.
Shodha – Gandhicha (Marathi);
“Kalachi Paule” (Biography in
Antaryatra, (Marathi) Received Government
of Maharashtra Literary Award for the Year
Khoj - Gandhiki (Hindi);
Lok Tantra, Nyaya evam Rahoke
Ek Nyayamurti ka Halafnama (Biography in Hindi)
Manav Nishta Adhyatma (Marathi)
Gandhi Vichar va Paryavaran (Marathi)
Gandhi Vichar aur Paryavaran
Rule of The Heart The Justice of Chandrashekhar Dharmadhikari (A
Biography) by Sheshrao Chavan
Sahriday Nyayamurti Chandrashekhar Dharmadhikari ki Nyay-Yatra (Hindi) by Sheshrao Chavan
Bharatiya Nyaypranali : Dasha va Dhisha
Gandhi - Meri Najar Mein (Hindi)
Shodh Manasacha (Marathi)
Stree-Shakti Vimarsh (Hindi)
Contributed several Articles in
English, Hindi and Marathi in various periodicals, magazines etc.
Known as good orator. Delivered number of talks in Lecture
Series, Organised by the Universities and other Social and Cultural
Organisations. Delivered Convocation Addresses in Shivaji
University, Nagpur University, North Maharashtra University and
Konkan Agricultural University, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological
Government of Maharashtra Literary Award
1976-77 and 2002-03,
Karandikar Trust Dharwad Literary Award,
Distinguished Citizen Award of Rotary Club of Bombay,
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Award,
Gandhi Jan Award,
Gosewa Ratna Puraskar,
Rashtra Gaurav Puraskar (World Peace Movement Trust)
Awarded Padma-Bhushan by the President of India
Bharati Gaurav Puraskar,
Ashirwad Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar,
Justice Ranade Samaj Seva Puraskar,
Durgadevi Saraf Samaj Seva Puraskar
Justice Ramshastri Prabhune Samajik Nyaya Puraskar,
Bhausaheb Dhamankar Prerana Puraskar, For Samaj Seva
and Kushta Seva and Social Awareness,
In recognition of his selfless services to humanity and
Country and above all his dedication to cause of justice, peace and
progress he was awarded Michael John Gold Medal by TATA WORKER’S
UNION, Jamshedpur etc.,
National Gandhi Fellowship by GANDHI SMRITI & DARSHAN SAMITI,
On 9th of October, 2007, describing me as
eminent Jurist, Rani
Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur has conferred on
him Honoris Causa Degree of Doctor of Laws,
Recognised as Lions
(Club) Favorite Humanitarian,
President of 59th
Vidarbha Sahitya Sammelan,
Jayanti Hindi Seva Vishishtha Sanman,
Akhil Bharatiya Hindi
Seva Puraskar by Maharashtra Hindi Academy.
invited to deliver Key-note address in Bruhan-Maharashtra Mandal 1999 Convention, San Jose, Silicone
Japan on the invitation of Japan-Bharatiya Maitri Sangh and Nipponzan Myohoji Trust,
Singapore in connection with the India’s Independence Day Celebration and
unveiling of Statue of
Mahatma Gandhi and inauguration of Mahatma Gandhi Centre for Thoughts
and Values at Singapore.
Malaysia and Japan in connection with Opening of Global
Indian International School and unveiling Statues
of Mahatma Gandhi.
SHRI CHANDRASHEKHAR S. DHARMADHIKARI is
Khadidhari since his birth. Once it was
decided that the Caste Barriers should be broken and man’s status
does not depend upon his
caste or creed, the first thing he decided is not to enter any ritual or Sanskar restricted to a
particular caste. Though he is a Brahmin by caste, he has not
performed a Thread Ceremony and has
chosen to remain Shudra. Marriage performed was also as per Special Marriage Act – a
Registered Marriage, which is common to all casts, creeds, religion
and is secular in
nature. Total expenditure for marriage was Rs. Twenty only.
At the age of 14, he took part in Quit
India Movement. He left school and thereafter an
order was issued by the British Government that he should not be
admitted in any Recognized
School. He took active part in Quit India Movement. His two elder
brothers, father, mother and
other family members were already in Jail, and he was the only male
member left in the family. Therefore, he avoided arrest and since
then worked underground. Was responsible
for various activities, which sustained and maintained Quit India
Movement for years together.
His contribution to the National Movement
now gets recognition from the Government of Maharashtra, when
Government included his name in a prestigious list of Freedom Fighters,
without any request or application, and is also granted Freedom
As a Judge, his Judgments were
outstanding. He believed that Judge should be Impartial, but not
impassive. Judgments delivered by him, relating to Rights of
Women, Adiwasi, Children, Insane People, Prisoners are land marks.
His Judgment delivered during the Emergency was a unique one. In
the said Judgment he held that apart from the Constitutional
Right, a Right to Life is natural and human right and therefore,
even during the Emergency, a
Citizen has a right to approach the High Court, as natural and human
right to Life can not be
taken away. As per this Judgment he entertained the Petitions and
released the detenus, against whom there was no material. He was
known as a most up-right, independent and fearless Judge.
As a Chairman of the Dahanu Taluka
Environment Protection Authority, he has introduced an
altogether new concept and principle in the field of
rehabilitation. The concept “Pre-habilitation”
and “Pre-Afforestation” is introduced by him, which in itself is a
unique and revolutionary. As per this Principle, before cutting a
tree, authorities concerned are obliged to plant ten
trees, before demolishing a house, authorities are obliged to
construct a new house for a person who is likely to be displaced,
and after the person is given a new house, where he shifts, then
alone demolition of house is permitted.
Under his leadership, such afforestation
has taken place in Dahanu Taluka. The Eighteen Forests are
developed, which are known as :
UPAVAN – VILLAGE – KHAMBALE, TALUKA – DAHANU.
ACHYUTRAO PATWARDHAN KRANTIVAN, VILLAGE-CHIKHALA, TALUKA-DAHANU.
UPAVAN, VILLAGE-KODAD, TALUKA- DAHANU.
UPAVAN, VILLAGE-KHANIVADE, TALUKA-DAHANU.
MAHAMARG MAHATMA GANDHI UPAVAN, VILLAGE - NANDGAON, TALUKA –DAHANU.
DEVRAI, VILLAGE-JALSAR, TALUKA-DAHANU.
BHARAT SEVAK HON'BLE
GOPAL KRISHNA GOKHALE UPAVAN AT DAHANU.
BHISE UPAVAN AT CHIKHALA, TALUKA - DAHANU.
TARABAI MODAK BAL-SHAKTI
UPAVAN AT NAVA-SAKHARA.
SEVAK, PADMAVIBHUSHAN-BALASAHEB KHER BHUMIPUTRA UPVAN AT VILLEGE-
MATRUBHOOMI UPAVAN AT
AHIMSA UPAVAN AT VILLEGE-
MATSYAVTAR UPAVAN AT
VISHWAKARMA UPAVAN AT
VILLEGE- MAN JAMBUGAON.
SARVADHARMA SAMABHAV UPAVAN
SANE GURUJI UPAVAN AT
VILLEGE- NAVA SAKHARA.
ANNADATA UPAVAN AT VILLEGE-
JEEVAN DARSHAN UPAVAN AT
He is known as best interpreter (भाष्यकार) of Gandhian Thoughts, throughout the country. Is
very popular amongst the Youth.
His thoughts about the Women Empowerment are
well appreciated. He was also associated with the Maharashtra State
as well as National Women’s Commission. Today he is known as a
backbone of Sarvodaya Movement.
His thought provoking speeches keep
audience spellbound. It gives a new insight for solving problems. He
is known as a good thinker and orator in Hindi, Marathi and English.
However, from the 15th August, 1947, he has decided normally not to
speak in English. Because on that day Mahatma Gandhi had told the
B.B.C. Reporter to inform the World that Gandhi does not know
He is associated with various Educational
Institutions and Social organizations.
He is actively associated with the
rural development organizations, which are carrying on activities in
the field of Health, Micro Water Shed Development Agriculture,
Village Industries, Adiwasi Welfare, Women Welfare, Pollution
Awareness, Afforestation and Youth etc. He was also engaged in
relief work in Gujarat, Kerala and Maharashtra. Balwant Rai Mehta
Panchayat Raj Jagriti Kendra, which is engaged in training the
Members of Village Panchayats, so as to empower Panchayat Raj
System, so that it can achieve the goal of GRAM SWARAJ. Whereas
SEARCH is working in the remotest Adiwasi area for overall
development of Adiwasis, particularly in the field of Health. The
work done by SEARCH has received Worldwide recognition.
Various Authors have dedicated their Books to
him, in recognition of his social service, and qualities of heart and mind. Some of them are as
SHAHIR G. D.
Author – RAJA MANGALWEDHEKAR
Author – SURESH DWADASHIWAR
Author – RAM SHEWALKAR
MAHATMA GANDHI PRANIT AKARA VRATE
Author – CHANDRAKANT PADGAONKAR
Author- JUSTICE DHANANJAY DESHPANDE
PRACTICAL DICTIONARY, 8TH EDITION
Author- GANESH OTURKAR
RETELLING THE GOLDEN TRUTH THROUGH SHORT STORIES
Author- J. R.
At the age of 85, he is still
involved in Socio-Economic, Educational, Gandhian and Sarvodaya