Though my co-workers and I were relieved of the charge of the patients, there remained many things arising out of the black plague still to be dealt with.
I have referred to the negligence of the Municipality regarding the
location. But it was wide awake so far as the health of its white
citizens was concerned. It had spent large amounts for the
preservation of their health and now it poured forth money like
water in order to stamp out the plague. In spite of the many sins of
omission and commission against the Indians that I had laid at the
door of the Municipality, I could not help commending its solicitude
for the white citizens, and I rendered it as much help as I could in
its laudable efforts. I have an impression that, if I had withheld
my co-operation, the task would have been more difficult for the
Municipality, and that it would not have hesitated to use armed
force and do its worst.
But all that was averted. The Municipal authorities were pleased at
the Indians' behaviour, and much of the future work regarding plague
measures was simplified. I used all the influence I could
with the Indians to make them submit to the Municipality's
requirements, and I do not remember anyone having resisted my advice.
The location was put under a strong guard, passage in and out being
made impossible without permission. My co-workers and I had free
permits of entry and exit. The decision was to make the whole
location population vacate, and live under canvas for three weeks in
an open plain about thirteen miles from Johannesburg, and then to
set fire to the location. To settle down under canvas with
provisions and other necessaries was bound to take some time, and a
guard became necessary during the interval.
The people were in a
terrible fright, but my constant presence was a consolation to them.
Many of the poor people used to hoard their scanty savings
underground. This had to be unearthed. They had no bank, they knew
none. I became their banker. Streams of money poured into my office.
I could not possibly charge any fees for my labours in such a
crisis. I coped with the work somehow. I knew my bank manager very
well. I told him that I should have to deposit these moneys with
him. The banks were by no means anxious to accept large amounts of
copper and silver. There was also the fear of bank clerks refusing
to touch money coming from a plague-affected area. But the manager
accommodated me in every way. It was decided to disinfect all the
money before sending it to the bank. So far as I can remember,
nearly sixty thousand pounds were thus deposited. I advised such of
the people as had enough money to place it as fixed deposit, and
they accepted the advice. The result was some of them became
accustomed to invest their money in banks.
The location residents were removed by special train to Klipspruit
Farm near Johannesburg, where they were supplied with provisions by
the Municipality at public expense. This city under canvas looked
like a military camp. The people who were unaccustomed to this camp
life were distressed and astonished over the arrangements, but they
did not have to put up with any particular inconvenience. I used to
cycle out to them daily. Within twenty-four hours of their stay they
forgot all their misery and began to live merrily. Whenever I went
there I found them enjoying themselves with song and mirth. Three
weeks' stay in the open air evidently improved their health.
So far as I recollect, the location was put to the flames on the
very next day after its evacuation. The Municipality showed not the
slightest inclination to save anything from the conflagration. About
this very time, and for the same reason, the Municipality burnt down
all its timber in the market, and sustained a loss of some £10,000. The reason for this drastic step was the discovery
of some dead rats in the market.
The Municipality had to incur heavy expenditure, but it successfully
arrested the further progress of the plague, and the city once more