Role and contribution of Mahatma Gandhi in the freedom movement of India is noteworthy, extraordinary and exemplary. And those who are familiar with the whole series of events of the national liberation movement of the county know how he awakened the masses on the strength of Ahimsa-the non-violence; made them realized the value of independence and accorded Satyagraha-the best and infallible weapon and called them cut down their centuries old chains of slavery. People of India, crores in number, came to the forefront and ultimately in the year 1947 India became free from the political rule of the English.
Here one important thought comes to my mind time
and again and it is my duty to clarify it before you. Most of the people
consider India’s political freedom to be the goal of Mahatma Gandhi’s life;
they think that to make his country free from the English has been his aim.
It is but natural if they think so. Most of the time of his life he spent to
make his nation free politically; for 25 years [1917-42] he continuously
lead his compatriots for this purpose. Besides this, more than ten years he
spent in different prisons of the Empire while fighting for the freedom.
But, in spite of the fact that the first goal of Mahatma Gandhi’s life was
to achieve freedom for India, it was not the end of his mission.
If it would be so, how would he be considered
the ray of hope by millions around vthe world? How would he become the
source of inspiration for Martin Luther King Junior, Nelson Mandela, Ninoy
Aquino, Bisweshwar Prasad Koirala and other great men of the world? How even
today would he inspire people in counties like Thailand where they carrying
Mahatma’s pictures in their hands demonstrate on the streets? It clearly
indicates that life, work and views of Mahatma Gandhi were for the welfare
of whole of humanity; the way he showed through his dynamic actions was, and
is, for the entire world; India’s freedom was only a dimension on his way.
So, those consider only India’s freedom to be the goal of the Mahatma life,
work and views, they must rethink and should change their opinion by
becoming familiar with the reality that Gandhi’s philosophy and his actions
have been dedicated to his belief in the unity of human life which is a
synthetic whole and can neither be divided in spheres like social,
religious, political, moral or ethical nor it can be classified in levels
like individual or collective, local or international.